Ebu Masum Mucahit*
The internal turmoil in Sudan continues to intensify as the armed forces have been fighting each other for the past 10 days. One would have thought that the crises in Sudan would end with the fall of President Omar Bashir. However, things appear to have gotten worse since his removal from power.The citizens who joined hands to remove him would have thought that Sudan would improve, become freer, and safer once Bashir was removed from power, but then it has been three years since his removal, and yet democracy and freedom are still not a reality. The conflict in Sudan has been fueled by various regional and global powers that have conflicting interests in Sudan, including Western countries, Russia, Egypt, the UAE, and France. These powers are trying to exploit Sudan's resources and are pushing different factions of the military into conflict. The situation in Sudan reflects a broader issue of global imperialism and the exploitation of Islamic countries and societies by the West.
Why are the army groups fighting among themselves?
A clash ensued between al-Burhan, the head of the Sudanese government and holding troops, including the Air Force, and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). as established by Omar al-Bashir in 2003 as a force consisting entirely of Arab Muslim troops to quell internal strife in the country. The Rapid Support Forces were stationed especially along the borders and had many heavy weapons in their disposals. The Rapid Support Forces was a militia formed against separatist terrorists in South Sudan. After leaving South Sudan in 2010, the Rapid Support Forces were attached to the army and their integration efforts were continuing. During the overthrow of Omar Bashir in 2018, these forces initially supported Omar al-Bashir, but later sided with his opponents.
Let us not forget that during the overthrow of Omar Bashir, especially Western countries gave great support to the people. Even the British ambassador to Sudan was at the forefront of the people in the square. But then, why removing Bashir, no wisdom was passed on the management of the country. It is easy to overthrow a government but a proper transition to a civilian rule is not easy. Thus, the power struggle within the military units continued. In this power conflict, especially the rapid support forces were demanding the transition to civilian rule and conveying their demands to Al Burhan in this regard, al-Burhan did not switch to civilian rule and started a verbal and then a de facto attack against the support commander, General Hamidiye.
The strong Omar al-Bashir was not in the interests of Western powers, who wanted to exploit the resources of the region. For this reason, it was important for the region and global powers to remove the powerful and resilient Omar al-Bashir from power, and to see Sudan descend into internal strife. For this reason, they were constantly pushing Hamidi, the Commander of the Rapid Support Forces, and al-Burhan, the head of the central army, into conflict. Especially the central government Hamidi's influence in the country, starting to operate the gold mine with a very high income and having a say in the oil, provoked the countries that were against Russia, which was on good terms with both the Central government and Hamidi. Therefore, the good relations between the Russian special forces Wagner and the rapid support forces were disturbing France and the USA. Again, the United Arab Emirates, one of the countries in the region, made investment plans for Sudan, making 2 port agreements worth 6 billion dollars, as well as the Egyptian government, which does not want Omar al-Bahsir, who has a conflict of interest with Egypt, or Hamidi, the national Rapid Support Forces Commander, to come to power and become stronger. He supported the al-Burhan administration and even sent some of his military forces to Northern Sudan against Hamidi.
The commander of the rapid support Forces, Hamidi, had captured a large Egyptian force and spread images of them. Why does the Egyptian government not want Hamidi? Because al-Burhan agreed with Sisi and abandoned Sudan's national policy regarding Southern Egypt and reduced its demands on the Nile River. Hamidi, on the other hand, was aware of Sisi's plans and was against it. Internal turmoil in Sudan does not only mean internal turmoil within the country. It is becoming a show of power for the global imperialists and the countries of the region that are in conflict of interest.
It is unfortunately that the people of Sudan did not take a lesson from the Arab Spring when Omar Bashir was overthrown. The imperialists have always done this in Tunisia, Yemen and Egypt. They deceived people. They run the countries into turmoil and more human rights were violated. In Egypt, Sisi had destroyed the masses in the square with bulldozers. The Prophetic advice that a Muslim should not be put bitten twice from a hole is often repeated. But then, these things keep repeating themselves. What mistake was this?
While the soldiers are dealing with each other and the Sudanese are killing each other, the West continues to buy the oil and mines of Sudan cheaply. Necmettin Erbakan's statement about the Arab Spring, "Zionism is changing actors." How true is the statement. Zionism wins, Sudanese become losers. Sudanese bloodshed, Western imperialism with full coffers. While the USA, France, Egypt and the UAE support al-Burhani, Russia and the UK support Hamidi. Where are the Muslim leaders who will work for Islam and not intercede for the interests of Western states? Where are the Islamic institutions that would protect the rights of Muslims? What does the Organization of Islamic Cooperation do? Where is the True Arab League, are they waiting for news from their brothers !!!
Is it really as hard to establish a structure that would mobilize the dynamics of the Islamic society against those who know the plans of these imperialists regarding Islamic countries and societies? However, this is the first thing a person should do for his children, for his life, for his property, for his religion. First, it is necessary to prevent the enemy from infiltrating us by conducting an operation against us. After it is necessary to hold on to the rope of Allah altogether...
*Translated by Mohammad Nadimur Rahman